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2017 PNLE REVIEW MATERIALS FOR SALE

Sunday, May 20, 2012

Pathognomonic Signs of Different Disease and Disorders - PART 1

Pathognomonic Signs:

1. PTB – low grade afternoon fever
2. PNEUMONIA – rusty sputum.
3. ASTHMA – wheezing on expiration.
4. EMPHYSEMA– barrel chest.
5. KAWASAKI SYNDROME – strawberry tongue
6. PERNICIOUS ANEMIA – red beefy tongue
7. DOWN SYNDROME – protruding tongue
8. CHOLERA – rice watery stool.
9. MALARIA – step ladder like fever with chills.
10. TYPHOID – rose spots in abdomen.
11. DIPTHERIA – pseudo membrane.
12. MEASLES – koplick’s spots
13. SLE – butterfly rashes.
14. LIVER CIRRHOSIS – spider like varices
15. LEPROSY – lioning face
16. BOLIMIA – chipmunk face.
17. APPENDICITIS – rebound tenderness
18. DENGUE – petichae or positive herman’s sign.
19. MENINGITIS – kernig’s sign (leg pain), brudzinski sign (neck pain).
20. TETANY – hypocalcemia (+) trousseu’s sign or carpopedal spasm/ (+) chvostek sign
21. TETANUS – risus sardonicus
22. PANCREATITIS – cullen’s sign (echymosis of umbilicus) / (+) grey turners spots.
23. PYLORIC STENOSIS –olive like mass.
24. PDA – machine like murmur
25. ADDISON’S DISEASE – bronze like skin pigmentation.
26. CUSHING’S SYNDROME – moon face appearance and buffalo hump.
27. HYPERTHYROIDSM/GRAVES DISEASE – exopthalmus.
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