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2017 PNLE REVIEW MATERIALS FOR SALE

Sunday, May 20, 2012

Laboratory Values Used in Evaluating Fluid and Electrolytes Status in Adults


Laboratory Values Used in Evaluating
Fluid and Electrolytes Status in Adults
Test
Usual Ref. Range
SI Units
Serum sodium
135 – 145 mEq/L
135 – 145 mmoL/L
Serum potassium
3.5 – 5.0 mEq/L
3.5 – 5.0 mmol/L
Total serum calcium
8.6 – 10.2 mg/dL
2.15 – 2.55 mmol/L
Ionized calcium
4.5 – 5.0 mg/dL
1.05 – 1.30 mmol/L
Serum magnesium
1.3 – 2.5 mEq/L
0.65 – 1.25 mmol/L
Serum phosphorus
2.5 – 4.5 mg/dL
0.87 – 1.45 mmol/L
Serum chloride
97 – 107 mEq/L
97 – 107 mmol/L
Carbon dioxide content
24 – 32 mEq/L
24 – 32 mmol/L
Serum osmolality
275 – 300 mOsm/kg
275 – 300 mmol/L
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
10 – 20 mg/dL
3.6 – 7.2 mmol/L
Serum creatinine
0.7 – 1.4 mg/dL
62 – 124 ╬╝mol/L
BUN to creatinine ratio
10:1 – 20:1
-
Hematocrit
Males: 42 – 52%
Females: 35 – 47%
Vol. fraction: 0.42 – 0.52
Vol. fraction: 0.35 – 0.47
Serum glucose
60 – 110 mg/dL
3.3 – 6.05 mmol/L
Serum albumin
3.5 – 5.0 g/dL
3.5 – 5.0 g/L
Urinary sodium
75 – 200 mEq/day
75 – 200 mmol/day
Urinary potassium
26 -123 mEq/day
26 – 123 mmol/day
Urinary chloride
110 – 250 mEq/24 h
110 – 250 mmol/24 h
Urine specific gravity
1.003 – 1.030
1.002 – 1.030
Urine osmolality
250 – 900 mOsm/kg
250 – 900 mmol/kg
Urinary pH
Random: 4.5 – 8.0
Typical urine: <5 – 6
4.5 – 8.0
<5 – 6
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