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Friday, November 7, 2014

Flood Safety


Ondoy Tradegy (Philippines) Sept 2009


BEFORE THE FLOOD:
  • Find out how often your location is likely to be flooded.
  • Know the flood warning system in your community and be sure your family knows it.
  • Keep informed of daily weather condition.
  • Designate an evacuation area for the family and livestock.
  • Assign family members instructions and responsibilities according to an evacuation plan.
  • Keep a stock of food which requires little cooking and refrigeration; electric power may be interrupted.
  • Keep a transistorized radio and flashlight with spare batteries, emergency cooking       equipment, candies, matches and first aid kit handy in case of emergency.
  • Store supplies and other household effects above expected flood water level.
  • Securely anchor weak dwellings and items.

WHEN WARNED OF FLOOD:
  • Watch for rapidly rising flood waters.
  • Listen to your radio for emergency instructions.
  • If you find it necessary to evacuate, move to a safe area before access is cut off by flood waters.
  • Store drinking water in containers, water service may be interrupted.
  • Move household belongings to upper levels.
  • Get livestock to higher ground.
  • Turn off electricity at the main switch in the building before evacuating and also lock your house.

DURING THE FLOOD:
  • Avoid areas subject to sudden flooding.
  • Do not attempt to cross rivers of flowing streams where water is above the knee.
  • Beware of water-covered roads and bridges.
  • Avoid unnecessary exposure to the elements.
  • Do not go swimming or boating in swollen rivers.
  • Eat only well-cooked food. Protect leftovers against contamination.
  • Drink clean or preferably boiled water ONLY.

AFTER THE FLOOD:
  • Re-enter the dwellings with caution using flashlights, not lanterns or torchers. Flammables              may be inside.
  • Be alert for fire hazards like broken wires.
  • Do not eat food and drink water until they have been checked for flood water contamination.
  • Report broken utility lines (electricity, water, gas and telephone) to appropriate agencies authorities.
  • Do not turn on the main switch or use appliances and other equipment until they have been checked by a competent electrician.
  • Consult health authorities for immunization requirements.
  • Do not go in disaster areas. Your presence might hamper rescue and other emergency operations.

Source: http://kidlat.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/genmet/floods/safety_rules.html
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